Wellington Radio opened on 26 July 1911 as New Zealand’s first wireless telegraph station. It closed after 82 years on 30 September 1993.
NZW until 5 July 1912
VLW until 25 November 1927
ZLW until 30 September 1993 (closure)
In 1909 an Australasian Telegraph Conference was held in Melbourne and this led to a New Zealand Government decision to establish marine radio coast stations in the capital, Wellington, and at Auckland and the Chatham Islands.
The first station, which used a 2.5 kW Telefunken ‘spark’ transmitter, opened on 26 July 1911 and operated from the clock tower of the General Post Office in Wellington.
Only three months later, in October 2011, the station was transferred to 301 metre high Mount Etako (also known as Mt Wakefield or Tinakori Hill and since 2009 officially known as Te Ahumairangi Hill) where it provided a wireless telegraph service to ships within a 600 mile radius.
In addition, two high-power (15 kW) stations with a range of 1250 miles were opened in 1913, one in the Far North near Kaitaia at Awanui (VLA, later changed to ZLA) and the other in the South between Invercargill and Bluff at Awarua (VLB, later ZLB).
All of these coast radio stations have now closed.
Audio documentary about ZLW
In July 2011, the Spectrum programme, hosted by Jack Perkins on Radio New Zealand, marked the 100th anniversary of the first transmission from Wellington Radio ZLW: